Henri Émile Benoît Matisse, French painter, draughtsman and sculptor, was born on December 31, 1869 in Cateau-Cambrésis. He died on November 3, 1954 in Nice.
Unanimously considered as one of the greatest artists of the 20th century, Henri Matisse escapes any classification. He is one of the promoters of Fauvism, but, from this revolt of color, his art is a reflection on the line, on the balance, on the synthesis of forms.
Throughout his career, the same themes impose themselves: open windows, indolent women, a universe of laziness totally antithetical to its creator and, above all, a pretext for the exploration of the artistic field. "Work cures everything" said Matisse. The work of the painter, of an apparent simplicity, "this fruit of bright light" loved by Apollinaire, is born of a relentless work, which always seeks to testify of the unspeakable sensation of which one of his last paintings carries the title: the inhabited Silence of the houses.